The earliest shaving implements were made from natural materials: shards of flint, scallop shells or splinters of obsidian (volcanic glass) with razor sharp edges. The Ancient Egyptians appreciated a clean-shaven face, and developed the use of sharpened knives of copper or bronze with which the wealthiest members of society would be shaved, head-to-toe by servants.
In England, the King historically determined the fashion concerning beards but shaving was generally the preserve of courtiers and the rich; shaving utensils were expensive and hard to come by. In more recent times, beards have come in and out of favour with increasing rapidity.
It was only with the advances in manufacturing techniques of the Industrial Revolution that the general public were able to own razors. Perhaps the most significant advance was the Safety Razor: developed in the late 1880s, it was perfected in 1895 with the King Camp Gillette® disposable safety razor. Further technological developments turned the razor from a single open blade, to a mass produced and inexpensive item accessible to one and all.
THE 6 STEPS TO SHAVING
1. Prior to shaving, gently wash the face and soak the beard area with hot water or steam with a small towel / flannel soaked in hot water. This softens the beard and relaxes the face muscles.
2. Thoroughly wet a badger hair shaving brush in hot water and shake to remove the ; apply a small amount of Edwin Jagger shaving cream to the brush and work up a rich creamy lather in the palm of one hand or in a shaving bowl.
3. If desired, apply Edwin Jagger pre-shave to enhance the ability of the beard hair to absorb water and promote razor glide.
4. Using a circular motion lather the beard area with the brush to build up a good layer of thick creamy foam. This cleanses the face and lubricates the skin, allowing the razor to glide smoothly. To lather above the top lip, squeeze the brush between thumb and fingers.
4. Using a clean razor, shave in the direction of beard growth. Let the razor glide over the skin without excessive pressure. Start at the sideburns and work down each side of the face toward the chin.
5. To shave the area under the nose, push the nose upwards with one finger, shaving sideways across the top lip. Below the jaw line shave in the direction of the beard growth only the beard can grow in several different directions in this area, use wet fingers to learn the pattern of beard growth.
6. After shaving rinse the face with cool water and apply Edwin Jagger moisturising aftershave lotion to the facial area to protect and rehydrate the skin. If using an alcohol-based aftershave lotion only apply fragrance to the sides of the neck and chest not to the newly shaven area.